Photosynthetically active radiation, often abbreviated PAR, designates the spectral range (wave band) of solar radiation from 400 to 700 nanometers that photosynthetic organisms are able to use in the process of photosynthesis. This spectral region corresponds more or less with the range of light visible to the human eye. Photons at shorter wavelengths tend to be so energetic that they can be damaging to cells and tissues, but are mostly filtered out by the ozone layer in the stratosphere. Photons at longer wavelengths do not carry enough energy to allow photosynthesis to take place. (credit: Wikipedia)
The growth of a plant is strongly determined by the total number of photons that it absorbs in the Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) region. In certain parts of the world, seasonally, or in plant production facilities, an adequate amount of PAR is necessary to maximize growth, flowering and fruiting.