What Is Vertical Gardening?
Vertical gardening is an innovative process and an incredibly productive and rewarding gardening system. Its concept is self-explanatory – the process of gardening on a vertical surface. It includes gardening non-climbing plants by giving them a space on a wall.
The benefits of vertical gardening include being easier to harvest and maintain, and, very importantly, they take up less space. The plants are easier to reach which makes all the necessary processes – fertilizing, watering, harvesting easier. Plants grown vertically, resulting in being healthier because the way of growing improves the air circulation and prevents them from becoming damaged.
What you need to take into consideration hough, is that this type of gardens might actually be more difficult to maintain in some cases, as they may grow too high and become quite heavy. You will need a sunny space and support system strong enough to handle the weight of the plants. The wall, supporting the plants must be able to withstand their moisture. You can use a polyethylene layer between the plants and the wall to create a barrier.
How To Start
The first thing you need to do is to choose the area where you will plant the vertical garden. It can be a boundary wall, it can be even a small balcony wall but what you need to remember that it need to get some natural light and, of course, to invest in a good lighting system.
Choosing The Right Plants And Structure
Anyone can start a vertical garden, indepent of the place they are living in – it can be done in an apartment, a yard, or as an expansion of your existing garden. Growing vertically instead of horizontally allows you to grow 10 times more buds or food. You can grow all sorts of plants including tomatoes, grapes, wild roses, beans, peas, cucumbers, strawberries, lettuces, herbs, among others. Vining and sprawling plants are generally considered best for upward growth.
How To Maximize Space
One way to maximize space in your growing room is by using containers. A suggestion is for them to be from 4 to 6 inches deep at a minimum, depending on the plant you are growing. With smaller containers your plants will absorb the nutrients more. Also, there is less possibility for the plants to become rootbound.
Using Pipes And Gutters
Another way of maximizing space is by using PVC pipes and gutters. For beans, cucumbers and peas you can use teepees made of bamboo. Cattle panels and pergolas make excellent arches and tunnels for squashes, grapes, and kiwis.
Pallet gardens can be created and leaned against a wall, making good use of vertical space. To make one, simply staple garden fabric to the back of the pallet, fill it with dirt, plant your greens, and lean it up against a wall once the plants establish their roots.